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Phidippus regius Bahama

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Phidippus regius Bahama

Name Dutch: “white” Bahama Jumping Spider
Scientific name: Phidippus regius “Bahama”
Age: On average 2 to 3 years
Height: Men 6 – 18mm and women 7 – 22mm
Day temperature: Average 26 – 28 degrees
Humidity: 40-70%
Activity: Day active
Legislation: None
Stay: Terrariums
Size Young Jumping Spider: 5 x 5 x 7 cm
Size Adult Jumping Spider: 20 x 20 x 30 cm

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Description

The Bahama Jumping Spider, scientifically known as Phidippus Regius Bahama, is a beautiful and intriguing spider species. These jumping spiders are among the slightly larger species, which makes them extra popular among jumping spider enthusiasts. They are members of the Salticidae family, known for their agile jumps and active hunting techniques. With their striking appearance and active lifestyle, the Bahama Jumping Spiders are a favorite among nature lovers and those fascinated by these elegant spider species.

The Bahama Jumping Spider is known for its unique black and white color palette, ranging from bright white with few black spots to dark colored specimens. These striking colors make this spider a visual spectacle. In addition, they have large, expressive eyes that give them an almost curious appearance.

Behaviorally, these spiders excel in their ability to track and pounce on prey. They have excellent eyesight and can spot their prey from a great distance. Using their powerful legs, they can make impressive jumps to catch their prey. This behavior, combined with their striking appearance, makes the Bahama Jumping Spider a favorite among nature lovers and spider enthusiasts.

Black Jumping Spider

The appearance of the Bahama Jumping Spider

The Bahama Jumping Spider (Phidippus Regius Bahama) exhibits a striking and intriguing appearance that is characteristic of this spider species.

The size of the Bahama Jumping Spider can vary, but adult females generally grow larger, with an average size of around 20mm, while the males are a slightly smaller size, usually around 18mm.

The body shape of the Bahama Jumping Spider is compact and stocky, with a wider body than length, allowing them to move nimbly between leaves and branches and hide from potential predators.

The color variation in the Bahama Jumping Spider is remarkable. Female specimens are often bright white or grayish with little black on the upper side of the thorax. In contrast, males usually have a black base color with prominent white spots. Some males display deeply iridescent green, purple and blue hues on their mandibles, giving them a striking and enchanting appearance.

These adaptations in color and body shape allow the Bahama Jumping Spider to adapt to different environments and make them a fascinating subject for wildlife observers and jumping spider enthusiasts alike.

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Is my Jumping Spider a Male or a Female?

Determining the sex of a Bahama Jumping Spider requires patience, especially since the subtle characteristics only become visible as the spider ages. The sex difference becomes more apparent in adults, and observation over a longer period of time is often necessary to recognize the characteristic features that indicate whether it is male or female.

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Jumping Spider Apalachicola Male

Male Bahama Jumping Spider

  • Size: Measuring up to 18mm, males are smaller than females.
  • Color: A typical black and white color scheme
  • Teeth: Green-blue teeth visible around the 4th instar.
  • Feeling feet: Thickenings at the end of the sensory legs, similar to a comma.
  • Pedipalps: Larger pedipalps, almost like 'boxing gloves' used for transferring sperm to the epigyne during copulation.
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Jumping Spider Apalachicola Female

Female Bahama Jumping Spider

  • Size: Generally larger than males, with sizes reaching up to about 22 millimeters.
  • Color: Variable color palette with predominantly white with less black than the male
  • Teeth: Pink colored teeth.
  • Feeling feet: Streamlined with an even shape.
  • Pedipalps: Smaller pedipalps compared to males.
  • Epigyne: The most striking feature on the underside of the female is the “epigyne,” a small, black and shiny dot between the book lungs. This characteristic is crucial for reproduction and the distinction between male and female jumping spiders.
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Apalachicola Jumping Spider

Feeding and Hunting

Jumping spiders are known for their unique and active hunting behavior. They are able to stalk and capture prey using a combination of sight, speed and precision. Here's a general overview of how jumping spiders hunt:

  1. Sight: Jumping spiders have excellent vision organs called "anterior median eyes" that enable them to perceive movement and details at close range. This allows them to track and track prey.
  2. sneak up: Jumping spiders are known for their stealthy hunting technique. They move slowly and carefully towards their prey, keeping close to the surface so as not to be noticed.
  3. Estimate distance: While creeping closer to their prey, jumping spiders estimate the correct distance. This is critical because jumping spiders often attack their prey from a short distance.
  4. Jump: As soon as the jumping spider thinks it is close enough to the prey, it prepares to attack. Jumping spiders have very strong muscles in their hind legs and can use them to make powerful jumps. The jump is made possible by the rapid relaxation of these muscles, which causes the spider to launch itself towards the prey with considerable speed.
  5. Silk thread: During the jump, jumping spiders leave behind a thin thread of cobweb, which acts as a kind of anchor. This anchor allows the jumping spider to safely return to its original position after the attack if the attack is unsuccessful.
  6. Catch: During the jump, the jumping spider brings its jaws (chelicerae) together to grab and bite the prey. This bite injects venom into the prey, aiding in paralysis and digestion. The venom breaks down the prey's tissues, allowing the jumping spider to suck it up.
Apalachicola Spring Spider

Feeding an Apalachicola Jumping Spider

In captivity, you can feed jumping spiders a variety of live insects appropriate to their size. Here are some feeding options you can feed your jumping spider:

  1. Fly: Small fruit flies or flies can be an excellent food source for jumping spiders. They are often readily available and contain sufficient nutrients.
  2. crickets: Depending on the size of the jumping spider, you can offer small to medium sized crickets. These provide some variety in the diet and contain protein.
  3. Butterflies and moths: Small butterflies and moths can also be suitable prey, especially if they match the size of the jumping spider.
  4. Little grasshoppers: If you have access to small grasshoppers, they can also serve as food for jumping spiders.
  5. Little beetles: Some small beetles may also be suitable, but make sure they are not too large for the size of the spider.

It is important to adjust the size of the food prey to the size of the jumping spider. It is better to offer prey no larger than half the size of the spider's body. This prevents the spider from being overwhelmed or injured by oversized prey.

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A Bahama Jumping Spider as a pet

Due to its unique behavior, beautiful colors and active lifestyle, the Bahama Jumping Spider is a fascinating spider species to keep as a pet.

To set up a suitable terrarium, a size of, for example, 20x20x30 cm is recommended. Provide plenty of hiding places, such as small pieces of bark or leaves, where your Bahama Jumping Spider can feel safe. Since these spiders are masters of camouflage, creating an environment that resembles their natural habitat contributes to their well-being.

Maintaining the proper temperature is crucial to the health of your Bahama Jumping Spider. The ideal daytime temperature varies between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. In addition, it is important to maintain a humidity of approximately 50% to 70%. Regularly misting the terrarium will help maintain proper humidity levels and provide the jumping spider with moisture.

Please note that the Bahama Jumping Spider is a special species with specific requirements. Careful attention to creating a suitable living environment and monitoring their behavior will contribute to the well-being and fascination of this beautiful pet.

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