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Phidippus regius Everglades

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Phidippus regius Everglades

Name Dutch: Everglades Jumping Spider
Scientific name: Phidippus regius Everglades
Age: On average 2 to 3 years
Height: Men 6 – 18mm and women 7 – 22mm
Day temperature: Average 26 – 28 degrees
Humidity: 40-70%
Activity: Day active
Legislation: None
Stay: Terrariums
Size Young Jumping Spider: 5 x 5 x 7 cm
Size Adult Jumping Spider: 20 x 20 x 30 cm

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Description

The Everglades Jumping Spider, also known as Phidippus regius Everglades, is a striking and fascinating spider species that takes its name from its natural habitat in the Everglades, a unique wetland area in Florida, United States. With its distinctive appearance and interesting behavior, this jumping spider is an intriguing addition to the world of arthropods.

The Everglades Jumping Spider exhibits a compact and streamlined body shape, with a clear distinction between the anterior cephalothorax and the posterior abdomen. The spider is predominantly black to brown in color, and its strikingly large, shiny eyes add a unique visual element to its appearance.

This jumping spider is known for its agile movements and remarkable jumps, made possible by its powerful hind legs. As a diurnal hunter, the Everglades Jumping Spider actively searches for prey, which contributes to its interesting behavior in captivity.

For nature lovers and spider enthusiasts, observing the Everglades Jumping Spider in a suitable terrarium offers a fascinating experience. Creating an environment that resembles its natural habitat, with ample hiding places and suitable food sources, contributes to the well-being and intriguing lifestyle of this special jumping spider.

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The appearance of the Everglades Jumping Spider (Phidippus regius Everglades)

The size of the Everglades Jumping Spider varies, with adult females averaging around 18mm generally larger than males, which are usually around 16mm.

The body shape of the Everglades Jumping Spider can be described as compact and streamlined. The spider has a flattened body with a clear separation between the anterior cephalothorax (cephalothorax) and the posterior abdomen (hind body). The cephalothorax is wider than the abdomen and includes the spider's prominent eyes and jaws.

A narrow waist seamlessly connects the cephalothorax and abdomen, allowing the Everglades Jumping Spider to move smoothly and nimbly between branches, leaves and other surfaces. This structure allows the spider to respond quickly to prey and move effortlessly in its natural environment.

The Everglades jumping spider exhibits remarkable colors, usually ranging from black to brown, sometimes even with unique combinations. However, its most striking feature is the noticeably large and shiny eyes on its relatively small body. This spider is notable as a diurnal and visually oriented hunter, meaning it is active during the day and hunts at night.

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Is my Jumping Spider a Male or a Female?

Determining the sex of a jumping spider requires some patience and attention to subtle characteristics that only become clearly visible as the spider ages. It is therefore advisable to wait until the jumping spider reaches the fourth molt stage (FH4), which brings the spider closer to the sub-adult stage or adulthood.

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Jumping Spider Juventud Male

Male Everglades Jumping Spider 

Male jumping spiders are always smaller than females and have a black and white color scheme, with distinctive green and blue teeth.

  • Size: Measuring up to 18mm, males are smaller than females.
  • Color: A typical black and white color scheme
  • Teeth: Green-blue teeth visible around the 4th instar.
  • Feeling feet: Thickenings at the end of the sensory legs, similar to a comma.
  • Pedipalps: Larger pedipalps, almost like 'boxing gloves' used for transferring sperm to the epigyne during copulation.
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Jumping Spider Juventud Female

Female Everglades Jumping Spider 

Female jumping spiders are typically larger than the males and have a greater diversity of colors, ranging from warm tones such as orange, red, brown, gray, to even white, with pink-colored teeth.

  • Size: Generally larger than males, with sizes reaching up to about 22 millimeters.
  • Color: Variable color palette, including warm tones such as orange, red, brown, gray, and even white.
  • Teeth: Pink colored teeth.
  • Feeling feet: Streamlined with an even shape.
  • Pedipalps: Smaller pedipalps compared to males.
  • Epigyne: The most striking feature on the underside of the female is the “epigyne,” a small, black and shiny dot between the book lungs. This characteristic is crucial for reproduction and the distinction between male and female jumping spiders.
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Feeding and Hunting

Everglades Jumping Spiders are known for their unique and active hunting behavior. They exhibit the ability to stalk and capture prey using a combination of vision, speed and precision. Here is a general overview of how Everglades Jumping Spiders hunt:

  1. Visibility: Everglades Jumping Spiders have excellent vision organs known as “anterior median eyes” that allow them to perceive movement and detail at close range. This allows them to track and track prey.
  2. Sneak up: Everglades Jumping Spiders are known for their stealthy hunting technique. They move slowly and carefully towards their prey, keeping close to the surface to avoid being noticed.
  3. Estimate distance: As they stalk closer to their prey, Everglades Jumping Spiders judge the correct distance. This is crucial because they often attack their prey from a short distance.
  4. Jump: As soon as the jumping spider believes it is close enough to the prey, it prepares to attack. Everglades Jumping Spiders have very strong muscles in their hind legs and can make powerful jumps. The jump is made possible by the rapid relaxation of these muscles, causing the spider to launch itself towards the prey with considerable speed.
  5. Silk thread: During the jump, Everglades Jumping Spiders leave behind a thin thread of spider silk, which acts as a kind of anchor. This anchor ensures that the jumping spider can safely return to its original position after the attack if the attack is unsuccessful.
  6. Catch: During capture, the jumping spider brings its jaws (chelicerae) together to grab and bite the prey. This bite introduces an enzymatic venom that helps break down tissues of the prey, allowing the Everglades Jumping Spider to ingest it.
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Feeding an Everglades Jumping Spider 

In captivity, you can feed Everglades Jumping Spiders with a variety of live insects appropriate for their size. Here are some food options you can give to your Everglades Jumping Spider:

  1. To fly: Small fruit flies or flies provide an excellent food source for Everglades Jumping Spiders. They are usually easily available and contain sufficient nutrients.
  2. Crickets: Depending on the size of the jumping spider, you can offer small to medium-sized crickets. These provide variation in the diet and contain important proteins.
  3. Butterflies and moths: Small butterflies and moths can also be suitable prey, especially if they match the Everglades Jumping Spider in size.
  4. Little grasshoppers: When available, small grasshoppers can also provide food for Everglades Jumping Spiders.
  5. Small beetles: Some small beetles may be suitable, but it is important to ensure that they are not too large for the size of the spider.

It is essential to match the size of the food prey to the size of the Everglades Jumping Spider. It is advisable to offer prey that is no larger than half the size of the spider's body, to prevent the spider from being overwhelmed or injured by oversized prey.

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A Phidippus regius Everglades as a pet

A jumping spider is an exciting pet to keep because of its active lifestyle, social behavior and unique colors!

Setting up a suitable terrarium is crucial to providing your Everglades Jumping Spider with a comfortable home. A terrarium of, for example, 20x20x30 cm with sufficient ventilation openings is recommended.

Provide plenty of hiding places, such as small pieces of bark or leaves, where your jumping spider can feel safe. Since these spiders are masters of camouflage, creating an environment that resembles their natural habitat contributes to their well-being.

Maintaining the proper temperature is critical to the health of your Everglades Jumping Spider. An ideal daytime temperature varies between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius. It is also essential to maintain a humidity of approximately 50% to 70%. Regularly misting the terrarium will help maintain optimal humidity levels and provide the jumping spider with the humidity it needs.

Keep in mind that the Everglades Jumping Spider is a unique species with specific needs. Careful attention to creating a suitable living environment and monitoring their behavior will contribute to the well-being and fascination of this beautiful pet.

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