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Soldiers Ara

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Soldier Macaw Parrot Green Macaw militaris

Soldiers Ara

Name Dutch: Soldiers Ara
Scientific name: Piazza military
Origin: South and Central America
Age: 50-60 years (depending on how the bird is kept)
Height: About 60-75 cm from head to tail tip
Birth: Egg laying (about 2 to 4 eggs per nest). These come out after about a month.
Activity: Day active
Legislation: CITES A It is mandatory that the bird has a life ring with unique identification or a chip. In addition, the bird must have an EU certificate. Also, the bird should not be separated from its parents for 137 days after birth.
Climate: Naturally (sub)tropical climate.
Stay: A large cage or aviary with a loose java tree or playground.
Minimum size: 150x100x150 cm. ''The bigger the better''.
Food: (70%) Pellets and/or Nutri-Berries in combination with (30%) seeds, fruit, vegetables and nuts.

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The Soldiers ara our military you could say, also called the ara militaris. Just like a soldier, this macaw has green plumage and a red color above eyes/forehead. For example, the macaw looks just like a soldier with a red beret, and they just belong to the airmobile brigade of the army. The macaw has a little bit of blue on the rump and on the wing/fly feathers. Around the eyes and on the cheeks of a macaw we see white to slightly pink with often black stripes (The ''camouflage'' stripes). The bill and legs of this macaw are black/grey in color. When the Soldiers macaw flies over it is a beautiful sight and it fully lives up to its name.

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The Soldiers macaw is a Cites A animal. CITES I hear you thinking, ''what does that stand for?''. CITES stands for (Cinvention on International Tguess in Endangered Sspecies of wild flora and fauna). CITES is an agreement between 182 countries and the EU concluded in 1974. In this agreement, in fact, 183 parties have made agreements about the international trade of animal and plant species. This only concerns animal and plant species that are endangered. The CITES is divided into 3 parts: Appendix I, II and III. The Soldier's Macaw falls under Appendix I. This unfortunately means that the beautiful Soldier's Macaw is in danger of extinction. So it is not allowed to just trade with a macaw and certainly not if they come from the wild.

Unfortunately, there has been a lot of wild caught in the past by poachers who only did it for financial gain. Young birds being pulled from nests far too young and parents possibly being shot by the poachers if they resisted the poacher, all this was seen a lot. So the CITES rules have certainly ensured that the birds on it are more protected. Even if a pair of macaws comes from the wild and has a young in captivity (F1, first generation offspring), this offspring cannot be traded. This will ensure that catching Soldiers Macaws from the wild is no longer financially attractive.

So if you have a Soldier's Macaw, it is very important to know that the macaw is on CITES Appendix I and EU Appendix A. It is prohibited to transport and/or trade the Soldiers' Macaw without the valid EU certificate. So even a visit to the vet is actually prohibited without valid documentation from the Soldiers Macaw.


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When Soldiers macaws start to breed, the female Soldiers macaw lays about 2 to 4 eggs (often there are no more than 3). After about a month, the fry hatch from the egg. They are then completely dependent on the parents. The Soldier's Macaw must grow enormously during the time it is in the nest. It is almost magical to see how carefully and actually how precisely the parents can feed the young. Despite the Soldier's Macaw's large bill, they can feed the newborn cubs even smaller than their own head as if it were nothing. It is therefore highly recommended to find a video about this. After about 3 to 4 months, the young will start exploring and will slowly fledge. Keep in mind that the young may only be separated from the parents after 137 days. This is stipulated in the "Animal Keepers Decree" that came into effect on 1 July 2014.

This legislation has come about because it is very important for a young Soldiers Macaw to stay with its parents long enough. Because in addition to growing out and getting a nice plumage, it is also important that they learn well from the parents how to climb, fly, develop social behavior, how to eat, because breaking open a nut does require some ''knowledge and skill'' and so forth. In the past, birds, including the Soldier's Macaw, were taken away from their parents much too early. These birds did not receive all the information from the parents and/or nest mates they need to become a full-fledged Soldiers macaw ''or soldier''. ''You don't send a person without knowledge of weapons into a war zone, do you?'' .


It is certainly not the easiest bird, but the Soldier's Macaw is a wonderfully sweet, but also mischievous bird. The Soldiers macaw is a very inquisitive bird and therefore needs a lot of attention. Demolition toys, food puzzles, "Brain games" and so on are really no superfluous luxury for this bird.

Many owners who have a Soldier's Macaw also do ''free flight'' with their buddy. There are special groups that organize courses to teach your soldier to fly independently over, for example, a meadow and isn't this wonderful to be able to deal with your buddy?

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If we look at the diet of a macaw, it is our advice to have the diet consist of about 70% pellets (This must be pellets specifically intended for Macaws) and/or Nutri-berries in combination with about 30% nuts, seeds, vegetables and fruit.

Of course it is good to see what exactly your Soldier's macaw needs. If you do 'free flight' as described above, the Soldiers macaw will need proportionally more food than a Soldiers macaw that is in a cage in the living room and does not actually do much. In addition, there are many different types of pellets, in different flavors, structures, sizes. Do you want to know more about which pellets best suit your Soldiers macaw? Come and visit us! Our bird employees can then look for the best match in terms of food together with you.

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